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Types of Head Injuries

While everyone is aware that head injuries are possible, most people rarely think about the likelihood a head injury will affect them. The truth is, though, whether it’s the individual themselves, a relative, a friend, a co-worker, or an acquaintance, there’s a reasonable likelihood someone in everyone’s life will be affected at some point by some form of head injury.

With that fact in mind, it is worthwhile to use the list I found on the Amerio Law Firm website to review the different kinds of serious head injuries that most affect people.

First, there is the most famous sort of injury, the concussion. A concussion comes from a mild blow to the head which can lead to a few moments of unconsciousness or milder symptoms. There can be ongoing symptoms for a few days, but afterward, the injury passes.

Contusions are very common when it comes to brain injuries. They are really just bruises on the brain, but of course, that can still be very serious.

Far more serious, though, is an anoxic brain injury. In that situation, the brain does not receive oxygen for a period of time. During that time, brain cells begin to die. Should the event go on for very long, the person becomes brain dead.

Another very severe brain injury is the hematoma, or the subdural hematoma, where blood collects outside the brain. This is much more serious than a contusion and can be fatal.

Finally, there is a skull fracture, which occurs when there has been a blow to the head which can lead to the skull bone cracking. Since there are so many veins and arteries in the head, as well as the brain obviously, the risk of bleeding or brain damage is significant.

These are only a few of the major risks that come with injuries to the head. While the head can seem very well protected with the skull, that does not mean there are no risks. Everyone is encouraged to take as many precautions as possible to protect themselves. Should work be taking place that may lead to injury, wear a helmet at all times and clearly designate areas where the risk is highest. This isn’t just a matter for professions like construction, practice the same safety at home.

Again, injuries to the head are not usually everyday occurrences, but most of us will know someone (or perhaps be the person ourselves) who has a head injury in their lifetime. Knowing a little bit more about the risks and how to prevent them could go a long way towards minimizing the chance of serious and longterm injury.

Anyone reading this article is encouraged to read about the topic further, especially about prevention and immediate treatment. Knowing more can save a life, so the more studying up, the better.

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Wrong Diagnosis as a Medical Malpractice Case

There is a reason why medical professionals need licenses. Health is a serious industry, and you really need to show how competent you are, to qualify to the caring of the medical condition of a patient. But sometimes, even the most competent and licensed medical professional become negligent, resulting into the harm of the patient instead of the cure. This is called medical malpractice.

According to the website of Russo, Russo & Slania P.C., those who have experienced medical malpractice may have legal options, such as trying to hold the negligent medical professional accountable for the physical harm, emotional trauma, and financial strain they have sustained.

There are various kinds of medical malpractice, such as the lack of informed consent, medication error, surgery error, and even wrongful death. But there is one that is not as talked about as the others – wrong diagnosis.

A wrong diagnosis happens when a medical professional’s negligence has resulted into a mistake in the diagnosis process. However, take note that negligence is the most important part here. As said earlier, health is a serious industry. It is extremely complicated that a wrong diagnosis is truly possible even if the medical professional has done everything competently. If the medical professional has been negligent, or incompetent in a way that a reasonable medical professional should not have been, he may be held liable for medical malpractice.

There are generally four kinds of misdiagnosis:

·       A healthy person diagnosed as ill

·       An ill person diagnosed as healthy

·       An ill person diagnosed with a wrong medical condition

·       An ill person diagnosed with a wrong subtype of a medical condition

Each kind has its own threats to health. For example, a healthy person diagnosed as ill may undergo undeserved treatment, an ill person diagnosed as healthy may not receive the treatment he deserves, and an ill person diagnosed with a wrong medical condition or with the wrong subtype of a medical condition can undergo an ineffective treatment method.

These errors can lead to new complications or the worsening of existing ones, not to mention the financial troubles that may arise, just because a medical professional has been negligent.

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Four Elements Required in a Medical Malpractice Lawsuit

A personal injury lawyer states that when you are ill or injured, you should be able to trust that the medical professionals caring for you will work to improve your health. Unfortunately, these professionals sometimes make negligent mistakes, which can have negative consequences. Doctors that do not hold to the high standards of medical care can worsen conditions and cause lasting damage to a patient.

Medical professionals, from doctors and surgeons to nurses and pharmaceutical technicians, as explained by the law firm Habush Habush & Rottier S.C.®, carry a tremendous level of responsibility for the health and safety of their patients. As a result, individuals and organizations in this field are held to a remarkably high professional standard in order to protect patient well-being. Medical malpractice laws therefore play an important role in helping to hold doctors and other medical practitioners accountable for the consequences of unprofessional or dangerous behavior.

Medical malpractice can have devastating consequences for victims, ranging from serious injuries to wrongful death, and pursuing a medical malpractice claim may be essential to helping victims receive justice in the wake of a medical mistake.

Medical malpractice can occur in a variety of ways. Grievous mistakes such as being prescribed the wrong medication or receiving treatment that was meant for another patient occur with surprising frequency. Other examples of medical malpractice that are committed with greater frequency than others include:

  • Improper or delayed treatment
  • Emergency room errors
  • Hospital negligence
  • Wrongful death
  • Wrong diagnosis
  • Lack of informed consent
  • Surgical errors
  • Pharmaceutical errors

The US National Library of Medicine’s National Institutes of Health defines medical malpractice as any act or omission by a physician during treatment of a patient that deviates from accepted norms of practice in the medical community and causes an injury to the patient. Medical malpractice is a specific subset of tort law that deals with professional negligence.

A medical malpractice lawsuit in the U.S., besides needing to be filed in timely manner, that is within the “statute of limitation” period, requires four legal elements:

  1. the existence of a legal duty on the part of the doctor to provide care or treatment to the patient;
  2. A breach of this duty by a failure of the treating doctor to adhere to the standards of the profession;
  3. A causal relationship between such breach of duty and injury to the patient; and,
  4. The existence of damages that flow from the injury such that the legal system can provide redress.
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Morcellator Lawsuits Still being Filed Against Johnson & Johnson

Morcellator Lawsuits Still being Filed Against Johnson & Johnson

On April 30, 2014, Ethicon, the unit of Johnson & Johnson that is responsible for the manufacture, sale and promotion of power morcellators, ceased distribution and sales of said devices, and ordered their withdrawal from the market.

Ethicon’s move came barely three weeks after the U.S. Food and Drug Administration issued a safety alert on April 17, 2014, which advised doctors and hospitals against the continuous use of power morcellators in laparoscopic surgical procedures, specifically in the removal of uterine fibroids or myomas, through myomectomy, and in the removal of the womb or uterus, through hysterectomy.

FDA’s decision is based on medical reports regarding the possible spread of unsuspected cancer tissues, called uterine sarcomas, during morcellation treatment of women with uterine fibroids. Due to the lack of a device that can accurately detect the presence of uterine sarcomas, risk of spreading it beyond the uterus can happen as uterine fibroids are divided or morcellated into pieces.

Power morcellators are medical devices designed to cut an overgrown uterus or fibroids into pieces that are tiny enough to allow them to be extracted through 0.5-1cm incisions. These devices have been approved by the FDA to be used in laparoscopic (minimally invasive) surgeries. Due to the many advantages of power morcellators, including performance of surgeries that require very tiny incisions that healed faster, shorter hospital stay for patients, lesser blood loss, reduced pain and minimal chances of infection or complications, many doctors began using them in the early 1990s to perform laparoscopic surgeries instead of the traditional open surgeries (such as abdominal hysterectomy, which required incisions between five to seven inches long).

Johnson & Johnson introduced three of the best engineered power morcellators in the market in 1998 which, many believe, actually set the standard on the way the device should be designed. These devices included the Gynecare Morcellex, the Morcellex Sigma and the Gynecare X-Tract. Despite the accuracy and efficiency of J&J’s power morcellators, however, the FDA found the risk of cancer a valid reason for doctors and hospitals to cease use of the device.

As mentioned in the website of the law firm Williams Kherkher, up to 50,000 morcellation treatments are performed in the U.S. every year, with most of these for the purpose of removing uterine fibroids. In a number of U.S. states, morcellator lawsuits are on the rise, adding to the growth in the number of women seeking compensation.

Many more patients are expected to come to the open and file civil lawsuits they are legally entitled to pursue. These lawsuits may be their chance of seeking compensation for whatever damages the devices have caused in them.

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Xarelto Ranked Among The Most Dangerous Drugs In The United States

Xarelto is one of the newest anticoagulants in the market today. It belongs to a class of drugs known as blood thinners. These substances are designed to prevent lethal blood clots that can prevent blood from flowing to the vital organs. Manufactured by Johnson and Johnson subsidiary Janssen Pharmaceuticals, Xarelto is now regarded as one of the most lethal drugs in the market.

In 2011, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the use of Xarelto for preventing stroke in patients who suffer from a condition called atrial fibrillation. Likewise, it is used for treating and preventing blood clots. In addition, it is also used for the prevention of blood clots in patients who have undergone hip or knee replacement surgeries. Unfortunately, the manufacturers have marketed it for other unapproved uses.

According to the website of Abel Law Firm, drugs should be tested for functionality and prospective side effects. The bad news is that manufacturers do not re-test the drugs upon submission to the FDA for approval. One of the worst side effect s of Xarelto is uncontrolled bleeding. When this happens, blood flow to organs such as the brain, lungs, or kidney can be interrupted causing them to malfunction. The effects of Xarelto should be felt within 8 to 12 hours a day but with uncontrolled bleeding, the normal clotting of the blood can be prevented. As a result, the patient could experience gastrointestinal bleeding, epidural bleeding, and stroke.

According to data compiled by heath website HealthGrove from 2004 through 2015, Xarelto was ranked 24th on the list of the top 50 most dangerous drugs. It yielded 81 percent of reactions which is considered serious. Reports by the FDA revealed that 50 percent of the adverse effects of Xarelto accounted for blood clots. For this reason, several product liability and wrongful death suits have been filed against Johnson & Johnson for their failure to inform patients of such effects.

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